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    Religious jurisprudence (Fiqh) and literature were his special fields. Initially when he came to Darul Uloom Deoband, he had been assigned elementary books of Arabic, as stated earlier, but at last his teaching attained such popularity that he became famous by the title of "Shaikhul Adab wal-Fiqh" (Professor of Literature & Jurisprudence"). In the last phase of his life he also taught for several years the second volume of the Tirmizi, as also higher books of Tafsir. In Maulana Madani's absence he also had the chance many times of teaching the Bukhari Sharif also. In fine, he had had mastery over the books of all the disciplines like the sciences of Fiqh, Hadith, Literature, Exegesis, etc. Along with teaching he had also had a special penchant for training and looking after the students; a quality from which the students benefited very much and his pupils still remember him for this. His punctuality was proverbial and in his punctual engagement of his classes he was sui generis; so much so that some of the teachers of Darul Uloom learnt the lesson of punctuality in attending their respective classes from this exemplary Professor of Literature.

    From the very inception of teacher ship till his last breath he was meticulously punctual in his work. He was a paragon of selflessness and humility. He would never feel ashamed of teaching the most elementary books along with the highest books; teaching Tirmizi and Bukhari (to higher classes), he would gladly teach Mizanus Sarf, Ilmus Sigha, Nurul Ezah, etc. to small children also. The most beloved student in his eyes would be one who devoted himself to studies with singleness of purpose and the most hated would be one who, engaging in no educational pastimes, showed carelessness in studies, though such a student be his own offspring.

    Even as this professor of literature had great mastery in writing Arabic prose and poetry, he was equally highly proficient in composing Urdu prose and poetry also. He had a special style in Urdu prose. Though his hand was not quite legible, the style of writing was such that it looked pleasing to the eye.

    In accordance with the standard of the Nafahatul Yemen in the Arabic literature, he had compiled a book entitled Nafahatul Arab (in Urdu), comprising historical anecdotes, fables and m9ral themes. This book became very popular in Arabic schools and as such was included in the syllabi of Darul Uloom and many other Madrasahs. Besides this, he has written many useful marginalia on Nurul Ezah, Sharh Niqaya and Kanzud Daqa'iq in Fiqh, and Divan-e Himasa and Divan-e Mutanabbi in Arabic literature, which are highly appreciated among the teachers as well as the taught.

    His ability in administrative matters too was acknowledged on all hands and his administrative know-how was often utilized in the manage­ment office also. In short, he was an incomparable teacher, an erudite religious divine and a versatile personality. The period of his academic services in Darul Uloom extended over 44 years.

    He was entrusted with the post of Ifta twice: first time from A. H. 1347 to A. H. 1348, and second time from A. H. 1364 to A. H. 1366. During the period of his presiding over this post of Ifta, 24,855 fatwas were written. He passed away from this mortal world in A. H. 1374.



    He was one of the disciples of Hadhrat Shaikhul Hind; he graduated from the Darul Uloom in A. H. 1330. He was a resident of Afzalgarh, Dist. Bijnor. After Mufti Azizur Rahman's resigning, he was entrusted with the services of the Darul Ifta in the late A. H. 1347 on which post he served till the early A. H. 1350. During this period of more or less two years nearly seven thousand queries (Istafta'at) were answered from Darul Ifta. In Safar, AH. 1350, he was transferred to the teaching department. He was a very virtuous and accommodating man. He died on 22nd Zil Hijja, AH. 1362, and lies buried in the Qasmi graveyard.



    He was born in 1314/1896. Hadhrat Gangohi proposed the name Muhammad Shafee for him. Originally he belonged to Deoband. He prosecuted his studies in Darul Uloom and graduated in A. H. 1336 at the age of 22 years. Thereafter, in AH. 1337, he was appointed teacher in the primary class in Darul Uloom but covering the stages of teaching quickly he soon joined the cadre of the teachers of the higher classes. He had had from the very beginning a natural affinity with Fiqh and Literature. In 1350/1922 he was appointed to the Mufti's post. In 1368/1949 he went away to Pakistan, where, as a member of the Board of Islamic Teachings in the Constituent Assembly, he helped in compiling the Islamic constitution. In 1951 he established a seminary under the name Darul Uloom at Karachi, which is now an important and great center of Islamic learning there.

    Mufti Sahib's knowledge was vast and profound and he possessed excellent ability in almost all the current scholastic disciplines. He is an author of many religious books: a stock of very useful books on Tafsir, Hadith, Fiqh and polemics has emanated from his pen. All his big and small books total up to nearly two hundred. Hundreds of his pupils and disciples are rendering religious services, besides the subcontinent, in various foreign countries. Initially he vowed allegiance to Hadhrat Shaikhul Hind; after the latter's demise, he resorted to Hadhrat Thanwi and obtained khilafat from him. Simultaneously with the work of teaching religi­ous sciences and writing books on them, throughout his life he remained occupied in spiritual beneficence also. He had also had a taste for poetry; a collection of his Arabic, Persian and Urdu panegyrics, elegies and a number of poems has already been printed and published. In Pakistan he held the position of the Chief Mufti.

    Mufti Muhammad Shafee discharged duties of Darul Ifta twice: at first from AH. 1350 to AH. 1354 and then from AH. 1359 to. AH. 1361. During his tenure of office nearly 26,000 fatwas were written.



    His native-place was Pureni, Dist. Bhagalpur (Bihar). Having taken primary education at home, he joined Maulana Ashraf Alam's teaching circle in Bhagalpur. From there he went to Kanpur and studied under Hadhrat Thanwi and Maulana Muhammad Ishaq Burdwani at Madrasah Jamiul Uloom, and then at Madrasah Faiz-e Aam under Maulana Muhammad Farooq Chiryakoti. The zest for the acquisition of knowledge then took him from Kanpur to Hyderabad; this journey he covered in two months – on foot! During his stay in Hyderabad he acquired the knowledge of logic, philosophy, astronomy, literature and Principles of Fiqh from Mufti Lutfullah Aligarhi and Maulana Abdul Wahhab Bihari. Reaching Delhi from Hyderabad, he attended lectures of Maulana Nazeer Husain; in the end he took admission in Darul Uloom and completed the study of Hadith under the instruction of the Shaikhul Hind. After graduation he served as a teacher in Darul Uloom for seven, eight years, and then as head teacher and Shaikhul Hadith at Madrasah Azizia, Bihar Sharif, Madrasah Aaliya, Calcutta; and Madrasah Aaliya, Sylhet (Assam). In 1920 he was appointed as principal in Madrasah Aaliya Shamsul Huda Patna. In short, he taught for as many as 46 years in the great Madrasahs of U.P., Bihar, Bengal and Assam. From AH. 1350 to AH. 1362 he was a member of the Majlis-e Shura of Darul Uloom. He passed away on 27th Rajab, AH. 1367/AD. 1948, his grave is in Pureni.

    Maulana Muhammad Sahool discharged the duties of the Chief Mufti in Darul Ifta for nearly three years from AH. 1355 to AH. 1357. During his tenure, 15,185 fatwas were dispatched from Darul Ifta.



    He graduated from Darul Uloom in AH. 1323 and rendered teaching services in various Madrasahs. In the late AH. 1356 he was selected for Darul Ifta of Darul Uloom. Thereafter, in early AH. 1359, he was trans­ferred to the teaching department. In AH. 1363 he resigned from Darul Uloom and went to Meerut, where he remained occupied in teaching. During his office, 5,840 fatwas were sent from Darul Ifta.



    He is the son of the famous divine and saintly person of the Deoband group, viz. Hadhrat Maulana Siddiq Ahmed Anbahtawi. For a long time he rendered services of teaching and fatwa-writing in Jamia Abbasia Bhawalpur. In the late AH. 1362 he was appointed Chief Mufti in the Darul Ifta, where he served in this capacity for more or less one year. In AH. 1363, pressure was brought upon Maulana Farouq Ahmed from the Ministry of Education of the Bhawalpur State to return to his previous position at Bhawalpur. So he went there and was appointed Shaikhul ­Hadith in the said Jamia Abbasia. Then he became principal in Madrasah Qasimul Uloom Faqirwali, Dist. Bhawalpur. In AH. 1380, due to old age and weakness, he retired to his house and home. During his one ­year tenure as many as 8,427 fatwas were written in Darul Uloom.



    His native-place is Shahjahanpur. He was born in AH. 1301. He graduated from Madrasah Aminja Delhi, in AH. 1326, and was one of the distinguished pupils of Hadhrat Maulana Mufti Kifayatullah Dehelwi. He had also been awarded the "turban of proficiency" in the convocation held at Darul Uloom Deoband, in AH. 1328. After his graduation, Mufti Sahib sent him to Madrasah Ashrafiya Rander, Dist. Surat, where he spent a very long time in teaching and fatwa-writing. The people of Gujarat were highly impressed by his knowledge and learning. Besides having matchless expertise in the Hanafite jurisprudence, he had a profound insight in Hadith and Asmaur Rijal (the art determining the authenticity of the narrators of the prophetic Hadith). In AH. 1367 he was appointed Chief Mufti of Darul Ifta at Darul Uloom. Retiring in AH. 1387 due to his long illness, old age and debility, from Darul Uloom, he returned to his beloved hometown, Shahjahanpur.

    During his presiding over the Darul Ifta, as many as 75,324 fatwas were issued from Darul Uloom. Mufti Mahdi Hasan was an abstinent and pi­ous man, hospitable and generous, but at the same time he was very candid and fearless in speaking the truth. He had also had a taste for the art of poetry. His nom de plume was Azad. He was under allegiance to Hadhrat Gangohi but received 'permission' and khilafat from Hadhrat Gangohi's spiritual successor (khalifa), Maulana Shafiuddin Makki.

    Mufti Mahdi Hasan has been the author and compiler of many important books amongst which the Arabic commentary entitled Qala'idul Azhaar on Ma'aniul Athaar of Tahawi runs into six volumes. Two of these six volumes have been published. The first two volumes of Imam Muhammad's Kitabul Hujja which is on Fiqh and is in four volumes has been published by the Da'iratul Ma'arif with his emendation and marginal notes. It is a very rare book of which one Ms. was extant in Istanbul. It is one of the basic books of the Hanafite Fiqh. Mufti Sahib spent twenty years in the recession and marginal notes of this manuscript. His marginal notes on Imam Muhammad's Kitabul Athaar are a valuable academic wealth. He had also written the commentary on Nukhbatul Fikr but it has not been published so far. All these books are in the Arabic language. Besides these, he wrote more than two-dozen treatises in Urdu but they also could not be published.

    Mufti Mahdi Hasan died in his native Shahjahanpur, on 28th Rabius Sani, AH. 1396, after a long illness.



    He was born in the beginning of Jamadius Sani, A H. 1325, at Gangoh. He prosecuted his studies at Mazahir Uloom Saharanpur, and Darul Uloom, Deoband. In A H. 1351 he completed his study of Hadith in the Mazahir Uloom Saharanpur, and there itself for nearly twenty years, he continued to render the services of fatwa-writing and teaching. Then, for nearly fourteen years, from A H. 1371 to A H. 1384, he graced the post of principal ship and fatwa-writing in Madrasah Jamiul Uloom, Kanpur, where there was a great impact of his knowledge and learning, abstinence and piety and saintliness upon the people.

    In A H. 1385 he was selected for the post of Mufti in the Darul Ifta of Darul Uloom Deoband, on which post he is still working. Besides fatwa-writing, he also teaches the second volume of the Sahih Bukhari to the students.

    He has not produced any independent book but his important fatwas have been published in different journals. Nizam, the monthly journal from Kanpur is being published under his patronage for a number of years. The style of writing in the fatwas is concise.

    Mufti Sahib has received khilafat and 'permission' from Hadhrat Shaikhul Hadith Maulana Muhammad Zakariya. His residence is always resonant with the 'remembrance' (zikr) of the 'remembrancers' (zakirin). He is very unassuming and hospitable; a man of vast reading, a regular 'remembrancer', an 'occupied' (shaghil), large-hearted and generous august man. One is reminded of the ancient Ulema on seeing him. An important peculiarity of his is also this that whatever salary he receives from Darul Uloom, he not only returns it to Darul Uloom every month but also adds something to it from his own pocket.

    During his presiding over the Darul Ifta, a big number of fatwas were issued from Darul Uloom. His Fatwa has been published in 20 volume till.

    Mufti Mahmud Hasan died in South Africa, on 18th Rabius Sani, AH. 1417/ 2 Sep. AD 1996 after a long illness.



    He was born in AH. 1328 at his native place, Ondra, Dist. Azamgarh. He received primary education in the local schools and then studied in Madrasah Ihyaul Uloom, Mubarakpur (Azamgarh). Thereafter, he read up to the intermediate classes in Madrasah Azizia Bihar Sharif, and Madrasah A'liya, Masjid Fatehpuri, Delhi. In the end he took admission in the Darul Uloom Deoband, and completed the Daura Hadith in AH. 1352.

    At first he rendered teaching service in Madrasah Jamiul Uloom, Jatinpur (Azamgarh) and in Gorakhpur, and then was appointed in Madrasah Darul Uloom Mau Nath Bhanjan, on the post of teacher and fatwa-writer. In AH. 1385, on the call of the Darul Uloom Deoband, he came to Deoband and was entrusted with the post of Ifta, which he still occupies. He has got a good knack of fatwa-writing; his answers to the queries are detailed. Most of his important fatwas are being published in the journal Darul Uloom Deoband. Two volumes of his Fatwas has been published till from Islamic Fiqah Acadmy New Delhi

    He has had the honour of vowing allegiance to and receiving khilafat from Hazrat Shah Wasiullah (may his secret be sanctified!). Simplicity and dignity was conspicuous in his disposition.

    Mufti Nizamuddin passed away in Deoband, on 20 Ziqada, AH. 1420.


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